Rights of migrants
Approximately 214 million people reside outside their countries of origin today. Roughly half are women and around 90 per cent are migrant workers with families. Just under 8 per cent of the international migrants are refugees. Migrants who have little education can be more vulnerable to exploitation and abusive treatment if they do not have access to the legal system in the country in which they are working. Opportunities for participation in the welfare and social system are also relevant to the degree of vulnerabilty.
The International Labour Organisation (ILO) has extensive experience of working for the rights of migrants. These rights are included in the ILO Core Labour Standards. According to the ILO, the number of workers working outside their home countries is expected to increase significantly over the next decades.
The ILO’s programme for the rights of migrants aims to defend the rights of migrants, help states find good systems for regulated immigration and spread knowledge about migrants.
The ILO has adopted two conventions on the rights of migrants (in 1949 and 1975).
States that have ratified the ILO conventions are to report on their work to implement the rights. These states must give domestic representatives of employer and worker organisations an opportunity to comment on the reports.
Read more on the ILO website (in English)
The UN Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families
Since 1990, a convention on the rights of migrant workers
and members of their families is included within the framework of the UN, including a monitoring committee. Sweden has not ratified the Convention and there are no plans at present for Sweden to do so.
The OECD produces interesting studies on migration and its impact on multiple areas (the labour market, population size, tax systems, economic growth, education and international development cooperation). In addition, the OECD gives advice to its member countries about how to approach migration issues.
Read about migration on the OECD website