Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities

The Convention contains regulations that guarantee minorities a series of fundamental human rights and freedoms, including protection from discrimination, hostility and violence, freedom of assembly, association, expression, thought, conscience and religion, and the freedom of opinion and expression in their own language.

The Council of Europe Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities ‒ the Framework Convention ‒ was adopted by the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on 10 November 1994 and came into force on 1 February 1998.

The purpose of the Convention is to protect the continued existence of national minorities. The protection of national minorities and the rights and freedoms accruing to people who belong to these minorities constitute an integral part of the international protection of human rights and fall as such within the framework of international cooperation.

The states that have acceded to the Convention also undertake to recognise that every person belonging to a national minority has the right to use freely and without interference his or her minority language in private and in public, both orally and in writing.

Sweden ratified the Convention on 9 February 2000 and the Convention commitments entered into force on 1 June 2000. In connection with the ratification it was stated that the national minorities are the Jews, the Roma, the Sami, the Swedish Finns and the Tornedalers.